What is Handmade Paper and how is it made?
Handmade paper is the manual process of paper making typically carried out by
an individual. Handmade paper is a single layer of fibres that have been
entwined. These are held together by cellulose fibres through natural bonding
properties. The mould is covered using a flat frame known as a deckle. This is
used to contain the run-off from the wet pulp. The mould is then shaken to
evenly distribute the fibres, following which excess water gets drained out.
What is Machine-made Paper and how is it made?
Machine-made paper is made using industrial processes and machinery. To
create paper, the pulp is prepared either chemically or mechanically.
Subsequently, the pulp is processed, flattened, and dried with the use of a
machine to yield the final product – paper.
Handmade Paper vs Machine-made Paper
One of the most distinct differences are that there are over 25 steps that are
carried out to create a single sheet of handmade paper. The process of
handmade paper making is not a continuous process and only one sheet of
paper can be created at a single time. On the other hand, machine-made paper
is a continuous mechanised process that can yield large sheets of paper rolls at
the end of the manufacturing line.
Additionally, in the case of handmade paper, natural variations in texture and
pattern occurs and should be considered as unique character traits. There may
also be slight variations in paper weight and also minor imperfections or flecks
on the surface. In contrast, there is very little variation and discrepancy when it
comes to machine-made paper and you can generally expect that every batch
created will be similar to the other.
In the current scenario, consumers are leaning towards more unique and varied
forms of paper, which handmade paper offers.